THE NAMAU post; nncCPORT, N. Y. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER, 16, 1914.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1914.
Publubad WadncMUjrB and Saturday* br iHa NAaaAu ruar puauauiNa cuiirANY, 32-24 Soutn tirova Btraat. Fraaport. Naaaaa Counlr, New York. Jamaa E. 8ti;aa, raaidiog in tha Tilla«a of Fraaport, town of Uamp- ffaad, eouotjr of NaMau, atata ot Maw York, owDar and publiabar.
JAKES £. 8TU.es. Manaclnc Editor
ONE YEAit 92.50
liX MUMU3 1.40
TUHUt, MUNTHS .70
ONIL MunlH '.2C
AOVEitiliilNG KATifS UN AFFLICATIUN
tntarvd aa 8aeond-claai matter Apnl S, 1U14, ¦t ln« poat ultiec at fraeport. New Iturk, ua- dti itw act of Maren », li)7y.
All communicalion abould ba adUrcascd to ItilL ^AaaAU fual.
Maib Ulbca Fraaport, L. L, N. Y.
biaiicun al Vallay iilietitn, Lyabruuk, iMiat ttu«iu>v>k>. Uuckviiic ccuiia, Lmuu Bcaco, uomu aiiJa, Ua.Owiu, Memck, belimute, Waa- Laiin. disalut-a, tlaoipitUfMii and ldiii«oUi. laiapuuua til Fraaport
ADVICE FOR SCHOOLS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
Stop Forced Vaccination and Save Child life
Facts for School Officers and Parents of School Children Showing That the Present
' Vaccination Law Applies to Public Schools Only and Can Be Legally Suspended
in Any Public School District by Local School Officers
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. Any erroneous reiiectlon upon the .itiatiatciei, aiairiuirig or repiitation ot any peiaon, nnn or corporation which may appear in the coiunma o( The NaMau rost, will be o'ac'iy correcteci jpon requeat at tne mam ottice, Mil- er tiuiiuing, <^-^t iiouth Qrove etreet, riecpuii, u. I., N. Y.
OUR TRADE IN SOUTH AMERICA
in tbe past the attention of Amer¬ ica lias been loo mucb centered in Europe, ber (llUerent cities and coun¬ tries. Tbis applies to business, so¬ cial, and society prestige, trade rela¬ tions and financial transaction. Mot but what all these relations were ad¬ vantageous and almost necessary to America bul dependence upon an¬ other is alway Iraughi with an ele¬ ment of danger to the dependent.
The world wide effects of the great war is bringing thia lesson borne to us at the present time. Old ties must be quickly sundered. New adjustments must be made as quickly. Other out¬ lets for our surplus crops and produc¬ tions mint be sought.
As a rule we are apt to overlook that which lies at our door and hasten afar off for the needful things be they wbat tbey may. It is a well known fact that our trade and social rela¬ tions with South America countries have been strangely overlooked. The trade of theae great and growing ter¬ ritories has been almost monopolized by our European competitors.
They took every advantage of the faorable conditions. Tbey sent sales¬ men who spoke the language of the countries whose trade was sought. They made goods adapted to the needs aud requirements of such customers. Aa a result they practically controlled the trade. As a nation we have been remiss in cultivating this fleld and, now that the opportunity Is at hand, we flnd we are laboring under disad¬ vantages brought about by our own acts.
That all this must be remedied In the shortest possible time consistent with good work, is very apparent. Our bankers and great flnanciera are alive to the opportunity and conscious or the advantages to be secured. Such men as J. J. Hill, .have advocated the cultivation of South American com¬ merce for years and pointed out the proper methods to secure It.
The great city banks are taking steps in the proper direction. They will soon establish branches In the Southern Republics and do their ut¬ most to break down barriers erected by German and Englist traders. The National Department of Commerce is and salesmen all tbe assistance of tbis work and promises our manufactures and salesmen all to assistance of tbls powerful department.
I,n citie» and towns all over inls State the greatest opposition is now being made by parents of school cbijdren to>the enforcement ot tbat dangerous and barbarous law requiring tbe infection of healthy children with a vile blood disease as a condition of attending tbe public acboolR.
Tbis evil law was originated solely by medical societies in this State and was passed orginally without any general public hearing or approval, and its evil burden has been kept for years on our free schools, notwlthstand ing all cilorts made to remove or amend it by citizens and our educational offlcials, maiiily through the Influence of theae same medical societies, which are eaid to bave tbe greatest lobbying power of any interest In the State. Thc;^ public and conspicuous places within, the limits of tbe school govern ment."
II. There i.s no power Kiven In this law or in any other law in the State lo compel any person, whether in public or private school or anywhere else, to he vaccinated against his free will and consent. To compel or attempt such vaccination by intimidation or force, by any doctor or health offlcer or other persons, is iile-'iil and ( riininiil under the Penal Code and decisions of our courtb.
III. One vaccination, v. liet In r "successfur" il ilrif varclnatlon only irt enough under the law
1\ , This vaccination inv,. I.> it:j own UlMtinct term;;, ii eiiruiceable uuly by the board of education, the lucal school board or trustees In any town or district, and by no other offlcert. No power, therefore, is given In this law to the Comm'ssloner of Educaiimi or the Commissioner of Health to enforce this law or overriilf ihe action of the local .scluxil offlcers thereon.
v. The law is dlscretloniiiy witli the local offlcers and the discretion lies in the heconil'para,i;r;ipli. \i/..; "Tliey (the trustees, etc.) may adopt a resolution excluding such ( liildien," etc. It will therefore be obvious that the law Is not In force al all e.vceiil when the local school ofllc-ers choose to pa.is the enforcing' resolution and put up the ten day's notice, etc., which they "may" do vhen they think it necessary and proper bul not otherwise, and no one can force tlieni to do this against their discretion as the law itself places ita eiifbrcenient in their hands only.
VI. Il IF. evident thai the lirst clause only appears mandatory, but this is modified by the second clnuse and please note this fact, the history of tbls law shows that this first clause is i\n unauthorized interpolation in the law, riiiide by a codifying coniniittee in 1893, which had no power to alt< r the law, but who unlawfully or inad\erienlly introduced the present Hrst clause in place of the original a.s found in the law lirst passed in 1860, which was (-learly
rx. It, therefore follows that tbe threat made In circulars Iaaued by the present '"ouifilasloner of Education and the Commissioner of Health to the local schools officers to penallM these locai omcers, or their schools, for not enforcing this law 1« an untenable and Illegal threat which they may properly and safely disregard.
X. Tbe local school officers have good ground and an actual precedent furnished by the former Commissioner of Education himself for suspending th's law^, as was actually done in the town of Olean, N. Y.. in 1912, where 2,000 children left the schools and refused to be vaccinated. The school offi¬ cers finally decided to suspend the law—First, because a niajorlty of parents and tchool children refused to submit to vaccination as being a violation of their rights and a menace to health, and because the virus then in use w^as Infected and dangerous to health and life and caused many injuries; Second, because, as a matter of fact and law. there was a conflict between two laws, viz., the law of compulsory education and the law of conlpulso^^• vaccination, and both could not be strictly enforced.
The Commissioner of Education, the late Dr. .\ndrew ."^ Draper, then decided that the school offlcers were justified in thus suspending vaccination and approved this action. In these words, in an official order or letter Issued .lanuary 14, 191::, lo the Board of Education at Olean. -
"There is an inconsistency between the provisions of the health law '^nd those of the education law. ' '-' Hoth of these statutes
cannot be strictly enforced. '¦ The education authorities are
chiuged with the duty of keeping the children in the schools rather than of keeping them out. * * Therefore. 1 am of
tbe opinioii that some discretion was intended to be reposed Iwth in tbe board cf education and in the board of heiilth by the educa¬ tion and health laws, and that, pendiiie the i onsideration of the con- lli( t beiv.een these laws whith it its ptoposed to ask of the Legis¬ lature >our hoard will be justified in rts( inditii; its a tin.' head of the Deparlnu-nt of Education of tliscietioii in the local otlieers in the enforcement of the vaccina¬ tion law aiin a good j-'ionnd is also olfulalU stated lis the Commissioner for sii-pendini' this law by sin li Im al ollii i;ih; uiiiil the Legislature can correi t the serious uintlii I In thi' n... I.iws As I uinlei .--tiiiid the Kducatiuii 1-aw, an order or iltciriiuii i.i il... ^^.lllllll^^¦|^.Iu i i^ hiiiUinj', er flnal on the Depart ment, aud tin.-. I iiimlv .-tuir; the |Mc^«•l|t Coiiiiiiissioiier from overruliiir.
his pi'edeo." : 111 nn lln: i.oilil. :il cer.- from l;!>W ai tiny (III tlli- |ii. power ill tiiliitriiii' 111 Mi-'iifiiiliii as I lias. ai.'radv s'liitW II
.M II i-. III. 1.1.,I. , I M.I. II or distill I ha\< il.c iiitiin •111. Ill hands and laii siispiml m conditions as tln-y e\ist ami In district, and tlie.s cuiuiol lie om
.XII. In .as.' Ilie lo. al olli.. cal intluen.-e us not to pcmiit
In- . .iniiot [leiiallze local school oft \.ii til.null the law did not give fnll lion 1.. til. l.ii al offl. .¦!•, Ih.-ms.-hes,
l.ii Ih.' I....1I v. liool oIlH.-is in .•toll (own
I tills \ ai I iiialinii law etitiri-ly in their own
|iiii.' va.ciiialion a.¦cording I*i necessities or
oli.ilj.-n. ,¦ 1,1 imliii. o|iinioii or i ds in aii>
iiiilfd hy aii> oIIi.m olh.el s in this iliitv
IS in any distii.l at.' so doininal. d hy ni.'di
my sus|ieryone Is going their peace¬ ful way; business, pleasure, conven¬ tions, flshlng, picnics, banquets and the movies.
No war—only rumors of war. The Insane struggle across the water caus¬ es only the faintest ripple here.
And fortuna!.' too are we In our distance from that hungry monster that lies about thirty miles toward the setting sun. The big City has bor rowed about to her capacity and is now obliged to prfV 6 per cent, for a little loan of 1100,000,000.
We are juat far enough away so her htmgry Jawa have neyer closed on us and given ua the glory of belonging to the "Greater Belonging" Is used advis¬ edly. So with all these advantages let ua try and keep it tbe banner town
defending nichnioiid ami on lields distant from the Capitol city Miselt, did Uichiuond hcKiiii.' ;in easy |ir<\v to the I'liion forcfs.
It is the fightiiifi i;i'ii iliat iiiuiu
.,,.,, ,1, . ,, . 1 . , u 1'o Congress to place ii tav on lertuiii
and not the mere t apilol wht,'re such ;
a country transacts its offlclal busi¬ ness, ir 11" < an dispose of the la.st
WAR AND OUR PRESIDENT
The European war has certainly aid¬ ed the President in his flght for re¬ duction of the tariff. It hasnearly wipe d It outof existence. .\nd still the President Is not happy over this condition. Hisvlttated object was to lessen, the cost of living And >.t il has gone UJ) by leaps.
liut the Chief Ruler is not to Ijlaiiii for this. There- arc jiDwers that are suiierior to hini or even his Secretary of Slate. So with li'ss.-ned ii'venn.- from customs, the President appc.ils
mil I.l hy till.
French Aiiiiy, iln- K.ii^ir can iiiai.li in tiinuiph to the .i',a!.>s of Paris and demand the keyj-,. Aiinie^' > .nmt m war. not cili. s.
NO HARNESS MAKCM
A li'W days aK" a man uani.d tin- services of a harness luak.-r. .S'o one lo whom hi' apiilied cuuUI Ik Ip liiiii to locate llu; tl adi-smaii ll«- liaiiipt-d overev.-ry business sii.-i-i an.l di.l not succeed in locating uiiy ru. Ii simp
If there is none ln-i.-. il seems lil»"•«"" «' ^«"'-" '^"'^*"-
' sity. .\l the latter institution lie yain New York housewives are rejoicing „j .-onsiderahle notoriety be.anse of in the fact that tbeiy can now flll their his efficiency and unusual ability, market baskets at reasonable prices.
of Long laland and atrive continually vices to the country in tirw ot war. to make it even better worth living In.
Eight pouns of potatoes tor 10 cents; green corn. 12 cents per dozen; lima beans. 5 cents a quart; tomatoes, r» cents for two quarts; carrots. 5 cents a bunch and so ou in Uke proportion. This certainly sounds good, and such prices will be a boon to poor people In the city and aid them to live com¬ fortably on a smaller supply of meat.
Former Paator Viaits E. W. Ault The Rev. aod Mrs. M. H. Kishburn of Fraser, Pa., spent the early part of last week in Freeport wilh tbeir nep¬ hew, E. VV. Ault. manager of Chub- bucks, Freeport store. Tbey had been attending the Hlble Conference at Stoney Brook and motored o\er to Freeport. The Rev. F'lshburn was pas¬ tor of a church In Rockville Centre some 20 years ago.
ad\ise parents to .--.-ml ih.-ir this va(-ciiialion l.iw does noi will I.e entirely ii-penled.
A Kieat (Ifoii has he. n iii;;.!.- nii-inl.x \i\ \a..inaiors to fone vaccina¬ tion al.'-o on tht-si- iii-i\al.- and pain, liial schools and to ti\ to show that the law applies 01 liiii be siiet.-li.-d lo apidv to tlieni, 01 that the health board doc-tors have pow.-r 10 force \ui(iiiation on these siliools, and Attorney (Jeii- eral Carniody has just ;:i\.ii a \ai;iii- opinion on this subject; but this is till a fallacious i'nd ille.uul 1 (li>nisi-hol il.i- hit. -I 111. .11. al -at .1 li-,i:al tallai-.N :
¦'rm- \a.-.-iliali 1.1 ll,i |,r|ili. ¦.. l,.iob ¦¦
II, Mdiliii.iii to llii.-- I want Ul I'.'iK-ai .-iiipli.ii i. .illv tlial no doit.n or In-allli II: Slal.- lia.- aii.s l.-;al po'v^.-' wlial. v.-r lo .-oinin-l ali.\ oin- to sill) itiatimi a:;ainst will and (oiiseni. 01 hy |oi<-.- of intlniidalion. or 1 forced iiuarantiiii- or dischaiL-.- 110111 (inployinenl; and IIiIk is sell ltd by dei-isions ol our lii^;liesl Slate Conns in Sniitli v. Emery in ]89t. and oili.-r cases. Si-.- also I'.-nal Cod.-, s.-ition .'.:!0 and fiKO.
.Mii. In .i:ell(-ial. I would. tli.-i.-U-ie, ad\ist- local s.liool ollicers that tli.y .sliouki suspi nd va. liiialioii in .-\.-iy siliool (listrht wli.-n- public oiiinion is decidedly oiiposeii to ii 01- wlit-i.- il is mort- dangerous lo health or life than hi:ialli)iix itself, wlii. li is the lai-t in many insiaiu-es; for examiile, when there are other infections or epidemic diseases i>ie\ ailiiij.; or when there is some danf^eiouH iiiU-i lion in the \irus sii.li as the epid.-nii.- of IihU and mouth dls east- ill !'J(i" and 1908; or in the cas. ol lo.-alilies where wound infections prevail whirh are specially danu.-roiis to va<-c-iiiation sorc-s. The latter con¬ dition IS iiaitic-ulHrly till- case in ,N«-\v York Stale and on I>ong Island, when- oiii- of tin- 1'osl common and fatal '.vouiid infections, known as lockjaw 01 "tetanus," exists generally and litiin wliiili many more deaths an- caused every .\ial reason of the greatest force for sTis peudiiit; Un- vai-i itiai ioti law in any school, al any time, whlcji Is tliis:-»It is simply a crime ai ..unmon law to deliht-rai.-ly inflict a dangerous or fatal disease- on the- l,i,.l.\ 01 an> p.-ison, partii ulaily on a child, and vac .-inatioii is such a d : easi- which actually and dc-monsirtibly now kills more children than smallpox, and therefore, its c-nforcemc-nt in our schools at any lime or place Is esstiiliaily illegal, notwithstanding Un- existing law on the subjei-i. This law was passed hy Ihe lc-j;is^ture uiulei a inectic-al -leicptiuii mid Is now inainlained en the peopl.- hy a jji-oss-tjjc-iUchI deception that this operation is enlirely l-eiiefliial and iieif.-c-lly safe and hatinlc-ss, never c:auslng injury or death, wln-i.-as. it in fact, now. by ^¦c>\ .rnini-nt n-c-oi-cl, kills more- c-lilldreii than smallpox, as shoun hy tin- upoii.s ol ili. Iii; dUtric-l In 111.- Stall- and to llinily lnr1<-t on lln- thcii heallli < hiicln n in oui piililn .lio.il^, iiiid.- law, w hethi-i \a. . iiial.-.l 01 noi. ainl in ad.lHion oni-e upon til.-it lo. al l.-i-'lslatoi •; III.- .ally r.-pi-al cciliiiiill-oiy \ ai . Inat mil ill iv.-iy .-liai-.- anil loim
IIIAKI.I-.S \1 llliic;i.NS, 'li.a-iiii I .Am i\aci ination L.-ai-ii. ol Am.-11.a 211 .Ninth S11..-1. r.io..lJ>n. N V . S.-pl.-ii.l..-i II, I'd I. Main Office of The l.,caj.'.iie . ML'o ili.stiiili Slic.-i, fbihidi-lpliia. I'a John I'itcairn. Pir.'idc-ni I'orler I-'. Cop.-. Sc-.retaiy.
NOTE t persume yon lia\. i.ad lie- pi.-\ioiiH press article entitled "Shockln.4 Falsehoods SuppculiiiM \aii inat ion. ' which was publisln-d In tho Brooklyn l-iafd*- and lirooklyir Times of Sepli-mlx-i -Itli, in Ihe (ilobe and Evc-niuL' Post ol Sept»-iiih(-i r.tli, a:iil in tin- Ilciald and Tribune- of September 7th. If not, you should look np and readihal arliile at once, as this article* 1.-? KUiiplc^tneiital to It. 'I'll.- pr.-\ions attic lc- exposes and refutes some shoi-IC'- Ing falsi-hoodh on wlii. h out Slate- di-partnients of health and educallciii now erroneously try to fone a dangerous ciusacl.- of iiilli.ilon ol a clanKerou!. di; ¦ a.s i-M i-nlially a legal if not ,1 ol .-iti/e-ns anil Iheii . hililii-n -111.Ill .-111.-Ill in e-\e-ry s. Ii.hiI riL-til ol I ree- educalloii ror III. .Diiipiilsury e-duinlioii o till-., tliey i-hoiild iio-e- ut iDil p.-iial pioliiliitioli of all